In order to be classified as a participatory science project, the project would have to have the following characteristics:
- It must involve both scientists and non-scientists working together, preferably in real time or near real time.
- Non-scientists must not be the subject of the research.
- The primary purpose of the project or program must be original research and/or development.
- A participatory science project or program must involve one or more of the following: observation, data collection, data aggregation, data processing, theory/model construction, analysis and interpretation, or development.