Taking music lessons increases brain fiber connections in children and may be useful in treating autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study. “It’s been known that musical instruction benefits children with these disorders,” said Pilar Dies-Suarez, MD, chief radiologist at the Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez in Mexico City, “but this study has given us a better understanding of exactly how the brain changes and where these new fiber connections are occurring.” The researchers studied 23 healthy children between the ages of five and six years old. All of the children were right-handed and had no history of sensory, perception or neurological disorders. None of the children had been trained in any artistic discipline in the past.
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