Will studying the genome sequences of very high IQ individuals help us understand the biological basis of intelligence?
In 1980, Duke University founded the Talent Identification Program (TIP), a scheme for identifying academically gifted school-age children and nurturing their education and intellectual growth. Since then, over 2.8 million children have taken part in this program, each selected for their exceptional verbal and mathematical skills. It is estimated that these individuals hail from the top 3% of the population in terms of intelligence. Now, a new study by Gerome Breen and colleagues at King’s College, London, makes use of this population to try to answer one of the most fundamental questions in cognitive science: how is intelligence determined genetically?