Category Archives: Aging

Education Inequalities Linked to Increased Cognitive Aging in Women

Older women tended to have poorer memory fluidity scores than men of the same age group. However, the reverse was true for younger women. Researchers propose the difference could be a result of younger women having more access to higher … Continue reading

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Affect in the aging brain

We report the first functional neuroimaging meta-analysis on age-related differences in adult neural activity during affect. We identified and coded experimental contrasts from 27 studies (published 1997-2018) with 490 older adults (55-87 years, Mage=69 years) and 470 younger adults (18-39 … Continue reading

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Social Disconnectedness, Perceived Isolation, and Health among Older Adults

Previous research has identified a wide range of indicators of social isolation that pose health risks, including living alone, having a small social network, infrequent participation in social activities, and feelings of loneliness. However, multiple forms of isolation are rarely … Continue reading

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Outsourcing Memory in Response to an Aging Population

With baby boomers entering old age and longevity increasing, policymakers have focused on the physical, social, and health needs of older persons. We urge policymakers to consider cognitive aging as well, particularly normal, age-related memory decline. Psychological scientists attribute memory … Continue reading

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Strategies for Preventing Cognitive Decline in Healthy Older Adults

Many advances have been made in the understanding of age-related changes in cognition. As research details the cognitive and neurobiological changes that occur in aging, there is increased interest in developing and understanding methods to prevent, slow, or reverse the … Continue reading

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Natural killers of cognition

One of the mechanisms driving aging and neurodegenerative diseases is the accumulation of senescent cells, while their elimination mitigates age-related decline. A new report details how, with aging, changes in the dentate gyrus microenvironment lead to natural-killer-cell-mediated clearance of neurogenic … Continue reading

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Implicit motivation improves executive functions of older adults

It is widely accepted that while controlled processes (e.g., working memory and executive functions) decline with age, implicit (automatic) processes are not affected by age. In this paper we challenge this view by arguing that high-level automatic processes (e.g., recruiting … Continue reading

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The Affective Neuroscience of Aging

While aging is associated with clear declines in physical and cognitive processes, emotional functioning fares relatively well. Consistent with this behavioral profile, two core emotional brain regions, the amygdala and ventromedial prefrontal cortex, show little structural and functional decline in … Continue reading

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Aging Brains Aren’t Necessarily Declining Brains

For years, conventional wisdom held that growing older tends to be bad news for brains. Past behavioral data largely pointed to loss in cognitive – that is, thinking – abilities with age, including poorer memory and greater distractibility. Physical measures … Continue reading

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Identifying the Neural Signature of Healthy Brain Aging

A new study reports the ability to modulate brain activity when it comes to shutting off processes irrelevant to a task may be compromised in older people. Younger people efficiently engage brain processes necessary to perform a task, while at … Continue reading

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