Category Archives: Brains

Prenatal Drug Exposure Affects Neonatal Brain Functional Connectivity

Prenatal drug exposure, particularly prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE), incurs great public and scientific interest because of its associated neurodevelopmental consequences. However, the neural underpinnings of PCE remain essentially uncharted, and existing studies in school-aged children and adolescents are confounded greatly by postnatal … Continue reading

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Prenatal Depression Alters Child’s Brain Connectivity and Affects Behavior

Postnatal depression can have a significant influence on a child’s brain development and behavior. Greater symptoms of PND were associated with weaker white matter connections between areas of the brain involved in emotional processing. The weakened white matter connectivity was … Continue reading

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Social Relevance: Brain processes social information at high priority

Everyday actions activate bottom-up attention processes. Our perception is highly sensitized for absorbing social information, new research has found. The brain is thus trained to pay a great degree of attention to everyday actions. Our brain automatically pays great attention … Continue reading

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Brain and the immune system: Multiple sites of interaction

Converging data from different disciplines indicate that central nervous system processes are capable of influencing immune responses. This paper concentrates on  ecent studies documenting behaviorally conditioned suppression and enhancement of immunity. Exposing rats or mice to a conditioned stimulus previously paired with … Continue reading

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How Does the Brain Deal With Novelty?

Current theories of connectionism have a hard time explaining how the brain deals with novel situations. An alternative approach of fast hierarchical adaptations could solve some of the conundrums. So, how do our biological brains resolve novel situations? We have … Continue reading

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What happens to the brain as we age?

Brain aging is inevitable to some extent, but not uniform; it affects everyone, or every brain, differently. Slowing down brain aging or stopping it altogether would be the ultimate elixir to achieve eternal youth. Is brain aging a slippery slope … Continue reading

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Bilingualism: What happens in the brain?

In our increasingly global society, bilingualism – or the ability to speak two languages – is on the rise. How the brains of bilingual people differ from their monolingual counterparts is an emerging area of research. Attitudes toward bilingualism have changed … Continue reading

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Towards a neural basis of music perception

Music perception involves complex brain functions underlying acoustic analysis, auditory memory, auditory scene analysis, and processing of musical syntax and semantics. Moreover, music perception potentially affects emotion, influences the autonomic nervous system, the hormonal and immune systems, and activates (pre)motor … Continue reading

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The Effectiveness of Chess on Problem-Solving, Working Memory, and Concentration of School Students

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of chess on the ability to problem-solving, working memory, and concentration of high school students. The statistical population consisted of all 10th-grade male students of Ahvaz city. A total of … Continue reading

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Neurocognitive Decline Following Radiotherapy

The brain undergoes ionizing radiation (IR) exposure in many clinical situations, particularly during radiotherapy for malignant brain tumors. Cranial radiation therapy is related to the hazard of long-term neurocognitive decline. The detrimental ionizing radiation effects on the brain closely correlate with age at … Continue reading

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