Category Archives: Childhood

Researchers Discover a Specific Brain Circuit Damaged by Social Isolation During Childhood

Findings suggest medial prefrontal cortex neurons required for sociability are profoundly affected by social isolation at a young age. Social isolation experienced during childhood has an impact on adult brain function and behavior. Following two weeks of social isolation immediately … Continue reading

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Traumatic Stress in Childhood Can Lead to Brain Changes in Adulthood

Experiencing trauma or extreme stress during childhood can lead to structural changes in the hippocampus and amygdala that can be seen decades later.urce: University of Alberta A new study from University of Alberta researchers has shown that traumatic or stressful … Continue reading

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Recognizing and treating childhood anxiety disorders

Childhood anxiety disorders are the most common type of sychiatric problem in children. These disorders cause severe impairment and excessive distress. Although effective psychosocial and drug therapy exists, these anxious youngsters are virtually ignored compared with children with other psychiatric … Continue reading

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Early life influences on life-long patterns of behavior and health

The stability of a child’s early life has profound effects on physical and mental health, and unstable parent-child relationships, as well as abuse, can lead to behavioral disorders and increased mortality and morbidity from a wide variety of common diseases … Continue reading

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Childhood sexual and emotional abuse leaves “molecular scars” in DNA

Offspring of persons exposed to childhood abuse are at higher risk of neurodevelopmental and physical health disparities across the life course. Animal experiments have indicated that paternal environmental stressors can affect sperm DNA methylation and gene expression in an offspring. Childhood abuse … Continue reading

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Pregnant Mothers and Offspring Should Limit Added Sugars in Diet to Protect Childhood Cognition

Researchers warn pregnant women and their children to avoid drinking too many sodas, as excessive amounts of sugar in these drinks can negatively impact memory and learning. However, consuming fruits appears to be beneficial for cognitive development, the study reports. … Continue reading

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On Learning During Childhood Development

Researchers report the thalamus plays a critical role in regulating how the brain learns to integrate binocular input during development. During childhood, the brain goes through critical periods in which its learning ability for specific skills and functions is strongly … Continue reading

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Anxiety and Depression Caused by Childhood Bullying Decline Over Time

A JAMA Psychiatry study reports the detrimental effect of childhood bullying decreases over time. A new UCL-led study has provided the strongest evidence to date that exposure to bullying causes mental health issues such as anxiety years later. The study, published … Continue reading

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Childhood Experiences Can Permanently Change DNA

An investigation into more than 500 children shows that upbringing can have dramatic effects on human health. DNA is the genetic material that makes us who we are, determining our physical characteristics and even helping to shape our personality. There … Continue reading

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Childhood Maltreatment May Change Brain’s Response to Threat

Researchers report people who experienced emotional abuse and neglect as children exhibited increased amygdala activity in anticipation of a mild electrical shock. The findings suggest early life stress could have an impact on the perception of distant threat. Neural activity … Continue reading

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