Category Archives: Children

Prenatal Drug Exposure Affects Neonatal Brain Functional Connectivity

Prenatal drug exposure, particularly prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE), incurs great public and scientific interest because of its associated neurodevelopmental consequences. However, the neural underpinnings of PCE remain essentially uncharted, and existing studies in school-aged children and adolescents are confounded greatly by postnatal … Continue reading

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Prenatal Depression Alters Child’s Brain Connectivity and Affects Behavior

Postnatal depression can have a significant influence on a child’s brain development and behavior. Greater symptoms of PND were associated with weaker white matter connections between areas of the brain involved in emotional processing. The weakened white matter connectivity was … Continue reading

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Behavioral and Emotional Disorders in Children during the COVID-19 Epidemic

Although the knowledge base regarding children’s responses to trauma and adverse events in general has been expanding, descriptions of their responses during epidemics remain scarce. Yet their vulnerability makes this an important group to study. Several studies have documented the … Continue reading

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Loneliness in Children

Children experiencing difficulties in their peer relations have typically been identified using external sources of information, such as teacher referrals or ratings, sociometric measures, and/or behavioral observations. There is a need to supplement these as- sessment procedures with self-report measures … Continue reading

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Prioritising children’s rights in the COVID-19 response

Although substantial progress has been made in many aspects of child health in the past two decades, the COVID-19 pandemic and its wide-ranging effects are threatening some of these hard-won gains. Public health measures such as lockdown, school closures, and … Continue reading

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COVID-19 – Epidemiology Among Children

Children of all ages appeared susceptible to COVID-19, and there was no significant sex difference. Although clinical manifestations of children’s COVID-19 cases were generally less severe than those of adult patients, young children, particularly infants, were vulnerable to infection. The … Continue reading

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Predicting Early Emergence of Childhood Obesity in Underserved Preschoolers

Objective. To determine the magnitude of risk of factors that contribute to the emergence of childhood obesity among low-income minority children. Study design. We conducted a prospective cohort analysis of parent-child pairs with children aged 3-5 years who were nonobese (n = … Continue reading

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Children’s brains – Just How Bad Is Kids’ Smartphone Addiction?

The average American teenager who uses a smartphone receives her first phone at age 10 and spends over 4.5 hours a day on it (excluding texting and talking). 78% of teens check their phones at least hourly and 50% report … Continue reading

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Less-structured time in children’s daily lives predicts self-directed executive functioning

Executive functions in childhood predict important life outcomes. Thus, there is great interest in attempts to improve executive functions early in life. Many interventions are led by trained adults, including structured training activities in the lab, and less-structured activities implemented … Continue reading

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Mu­sic sup­ports the aud­it­ory skills of hear­ing im­paired chil­dren

Researchers at University of Helsinki, and University College London have found evidence that children with hearing impairment and cochlear implants can benefit from hobbies involving music and especially singing. The results published i Music Perception show that the auditory skills … Continue reading

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