Category Archives: Children

Effects of COVID-19 Confinement on the Household Routines Of Children

This study aimed to determine how confinement affects children’s routines, more specifically their physical activity (PA) and sedentary time. An online survey was launched to assess how Portuguese children under 13 years of age adjusted their daily routines to confinement. … Continue reading

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Lessons on Parental response to child’s isolation during the SARS outbreak

To examine the needs, uncertainties, and experiences of parents during their child’s hospitalization with highly suspected severe acute respiratory syndrome (HSS), and to identify ways to improve their psychological preparedness and communication with health care professionals and their isolated children … Continue reading

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The Impact of Social Isolation and Loneliness on the Mental Health of Children and Adolescents in the Context of COVID-19

Disease containment of COVID-19 has necessitated widespread social isolation. We aimed to establish what is known about how loneliness and disease containment measures impact on the mental health in children and adolescents. For this rapid review, we searched MEDLINE, PsycInfo, … Continue reading

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Children punish third parties to satisfy both consequentialist and retributive motives

Adults punish moral transgressions to satisfy both retributive motives (such as wanting antisocial others to receive their ‘just deserts’) and consequentialist motives (such as teaching transgressors that their behaviour is inappropriate). Here, we investigated whether retributive and consequentialist motives for … Continue reading

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The impact of unplanned school closure on children’s social contact

Gaining control of an infectious disease outbreak can require making difficult decisions, particularly when infections are human-to-human transmissible. Children are often in close physical proximity at school, have less-than-perfect hygiene behaviours and have low prior immunity to many infections. For … Continue reading

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UNICEF Covid-19 – Schools are not a driver of community transmission

School closures can lead to drastically negative outcomes for children. Data from 191 countries collected from February to September 2020 show noconsistent association between school reopening status and COVID-19 infection rates. An assessment of the role of schools in COVID-19 … Continue reading

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Psychological impacts of “screen time” and “green time” for children and adolescents

Technological developments in recent decades have increased young people’s engagement with screen-based technologies (screen time), and a reduction in young people’s contact with nature (green time) has been observed concurrently. This combination of high screen time and low green time … Continue reading

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Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents

This review summarizes findings on the epidemiology and etiology of anxiety disorders among children and adolescents including separation anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social phobia, agoraphobia, panic disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder, also highlighting critical aspects of diagnosis, assessment, and treatment. … Continue reading

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Prenatal Drug Exposure Affects Neonatal Brain Functional Connectivity

Prenatal drug exposure, particularly prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE), incurs great public and scientific interest because of its associated neurodevelopmental consequences. However, the neural underpinnings of PCE remain essentially uncharted, and existing studies in school-aged children and adolescents are confounded greatly by postnatal … Continue reading

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Prenatal Depression Alters Child’s Brain Connectivity and Affects Behavior

Postnatal depression can have a significant influence on a child’s brain development and behavior. Greater symptoms of PND were associated with weaker white matter connections between areas of the brain involved in emotional processing. The weakened white matter connectivity was … Continue reading

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