Tag Archives: brain

Social Brains, Simple Minds: does Social Complexity require Cognitive Complexity?

The social brain hypothesis is a well-accepted and well-supported evolutionary theory of enlarged brain size in the non-human primates. Nevertheless, it tends to emphasize an anthropocentric view of social life and cognition. This often leads to confusion between ultimate and … Continue reading

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How to Build a Happier Brain – A Neuropsychological approach to Happiness

As our ancestors evolved, they needed to pass on their genes. And day-to-day threats like predators or natural hazards had more urgency and impact for survival. On the other hand, positive experiences like food, shelter, or mating opportunities, those are … Continue reading

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The Future of the Mind: The Scientific Quest to Understand, Enhance, and Empower the Mind

For the first time in history, the secrets of the living brain are being revealed by a battery of high tech brain scans devised by physicists. Now what was once solely the province of science fiction has become a startling reality. Recording … Continue reading

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Socioeconomic status and the Developing Brain

Childhood socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with cognitive achievement throughout life. How does SES relate to brain development, and what are the mechanisms by which SES might exert its influence? We review studies in which behavioral, electrophysiological and neuroimaging methods … Continue reading

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Brain-to-Brain coupling – a mechanism for creating and sharing a Social World

Cognition materializes in an interpersonal space. The emergence of complex behaviors requires the coordination of actions among individuals according to a shared set of rules. Despite the central role of other individuals in shaping one’s mind, most cognitive studies focus … Continue reading

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The Social Brain: Psychological Underpinnings and Implications for the Structure of Organizations

The social brain hypothesis refers to a quantitative relationship between social group size and neocortex volume in monkeys and apes. This relationship predicts a group size of approximately 150 for humans, which turns out to be the typical size of … Continue reading

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What is a representative brain? Neuroscience meets population science

The last decades of neuroscience research have produced immense progress in the methods available to understand brain structure and function. Social, cognitive, clinical, affective, economic, communication, and developmental neurosciences have begun to map the relationships between neuro-psychological processes and behavioral … Continue reading

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Touching a Nerve: The Self as Brain

What happens when we accept that everything we feel and think stems not from an immaterial spirit but from electrical and chemical activity in our brains? In this thought-provoking narrative—drawn from professional expertise as well as personal life experiences—trailblazing neuro-philosopher … Continue reading

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Neuroanthropology: a Humanistic Science for the study of the Culture–Brain nexus

In this article, we argue that a combined anthropology / neuroscience field of enquiry can make a significant and distinctive contribution to the study of the relationship between culture and the brain. This field, which can appropriately be termed as … Continue reading

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Evolution of Mind and Brain

What does anybody need a brain for? Brains are energetically expensive to make and to use, and susceptible to making mistakes. Accordingly, not learning, i.e. sticking to an innate or random strategy, is often the best thing to do. Still, … Continue reading

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