Tag Archives: brains

Affective neuroscience of the emotional Brain-Mind

Cross-species affective neuroscience studies confirm that primary-process emotional feelings are organized within primitive subcortical regions of the brain that are anatomical, neurochemically, and functionally homologous in all mammals that have been studied. Emotional feelings (affects) are intrinsic values that inform … Continue reading

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Brain circuit helps us learn by watching others

Scientists pinpoint neural interactions that are necessary for observational learning. It’s often said that experience is the best teacher, but the experiences of other people maybe even better. If you saw a friend get chased by a neighborhood dog, for … Continue reading

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How did primate brains get so big?

University of Florida paleontologists found clues in the remarkably preserved skulls of adapiforms, lemur-like primates that scurried around the tropical forests of Wyoming about 50 million years ago. Thought to be a link between primitive and advanced primates, their fossil … Continue reading

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Le strategie del cervello per superare i propri limiti

Quando un compito motorio si basa su informazioni deficitarie e poco accurate, il cervello usa una strategia semplice quanto efficace per proseguire sulla sua strada, in particolare questo organo si basa su precedenti esperienze “medie” di casi analoghi(red) Informazioni incomplete, … Continue reading

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The Brain That Changes Itself: neuroplasticity and the future of cognitive science

Scientific progress rarely develops in a linear, steady fashion. Though volumes of data are always accumulating, the theories which describe them take time to adjust in light of new or anomalous findings. The concept of paradigm shifts, developed by the … Continue reading

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Four steps to a younger, smarter brain

Evidence suggests memory decline can be slowed and even reversed by adopting a few healthy lifestyle habits. Brain health is key to successful aging, and it involves several mental functions including memory, reasoning, and planning. Memory defines who we are … Continue reading

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Pupil’s brain recognizes the perfect teacher

Social brain lights up in juvenile songbirds that find a singing mentor. Duke researchers have identified the social component to a young bird’s ability to learn songs from an adult. Human and avian youngsters learn behaviors by imitating adults. But learners … Continue reading

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Human brain replays weakly learned information

The hippocampus replays experiences during quiet rest periods, and this replay benefits subsequent memory. A critical open question is how memories are prioritized for this replay. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) pattern analysis to track item-level replay in … Continue reading

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The sleep-deprived human brain

How does a lack of sleep affect our brains? In contrast to the benefits of sleep, frameworks exploring the impact of sleep loss are relatively lacking. Importantly, the effects of sleep deprivation (SD) do not simply reflect the absence of … Continue reading

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How the brain learns during sleep

Researchers from Ruhr-Universität Bochum and the University of Bonn have investigated which activity patterns occur in the brain when people remember or forget things. They were interested in how the brain replays and stores during sleep what it had learned … Continue reading

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