Tag Archives: brains

How life history modulates the brain’s social pain network

A growing body of work demonstrates that the brain responds similarly to physical and social injury. Both experiences are associated with activity in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) and anterior insula. This dual functionality of the dACC and anterior … Continue reading

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How Social Isolation Transforms the Brain

A new study reveals the neurobiological effects of social isolation in mice. Researchers report a neurochemical called tachykinin is overproduced during long term social isolation, leading to increased aggression and fear. Chronic social isolation has debilitating effects on mental health … Continue reading

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How Decisions Form in the Brain

Researchers describe what happens in the brain just prior to making a decision. Real-time monitoring of the dynamics of endogenous molecules in organisms is an important aspect in the study of diseases. However, this process is difficult because of issues … Continue reading

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Decoding the Brain’s Learning Machine

A new study sheds light on how the cerebellum is able to make predictions and learn from mistakes, especially when it comes to completing complex motor actions. The findings could help in the development of new machine learning technologies. In … Continue reading

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How the Brain Translates Altruism into Feelings of Thankfulness

Feelings of gratitude following an altruistic experience may arise as a result of the integration of relevant social information in the perigenual anterior cingulate cortex, researchers report. A brain network that gives rise to feelings of gratitude has been uncovered … Continue reading

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Mental, physical exercises produce distinct brain benefits

Cognitive brain training improves executive function whereas aerobic activity improves memory, according to new Center for BrainHealth research at The University of Texas at Dallas. The study, published in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, found that healthy adults who participated in … Continue reading

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The Science behind Retraining your Brain

Yes, you can teach an old brain new tricks! Neuroplasticity is a fancy term that describes this phenomenon but you may be wondering why this is important. Most people enjoy the “if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it” mentality but … Continue reading

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How we recall the past

Neuroscientists discover a brain circuit dedicated to retrieving memories. When we have a new experience, the memory of that event is stored in a neural circuit that connects several parts of the hippocampus and other brain structures. Each cluster of … Continue reading

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How the brain processes emotions

Some mental illnesses may stem, in part, from the brain’s inability to correctly assign emotional associations to events. For example, people who are depressed often do not feel happy even when experiencing something that they normally enjoy. A new study … Continue reading

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Dancers’ Brains React Quickly to Music and Emotion and Memory Processes

A new study reveals professional dancers’ brains react more quickly to musical changes than professional musicians. EEG data reveals dancers display stronger synchronization at a lower theta frequency, which is linked to emotional and memory processing. The study backs up … Continue reading

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