Tag Archives: cognition

Dynamic reorganization of brain functional networks during cognition

How cognition emerges from neural dynamics? The dominant hypothesis states that interactions among distributed brain regions through phase synchronization give a basis for cognitive processing. Such phase synchronized networks are transient and dynamic, established on the timescale of milliseconds in order to perform … Continue reading

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Neuroaesthetics – The Cognitive Neuroscience of Aesthetic Experience

The field of neuroaesthetics has gained in popularity in recent years but also attracted criticism from the perspectives both of the humanities and the sciences. In an effort to consolidate research in the field, we characterize neuroaesthetics as the cognitive neuroscience of … Continue reading

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An unpleasant emotional state reduces working memory capacity

Emotional states can guide the actions and decisions we make in our everyday life through their influence on cognitive processes such as working memory (WM). We investigated the long-lasting interference that an unpleasant emotional state had on goal-relevant WM representations … Continue reading

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Predictive brains and embodied, enactive cognition

All the papers in this special issue sit at the intersection between work on predictive processing models in the neurosciences and embodied, enactive perspectives on mind. It is arguably one of the most cutting-edge and fast-moving intersections of research in … Continue reading

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Theories of Memory and Aging: A Look at the Past and a Glimpse of the Future

The present article reviews theories of memory and aging over the past 50 years. Particularly notable is a progression from early single-mechanism perspectives to complex multifactorial models proposed to account for commonly observed age deficits in memory function. The seminal … Continue reading

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For Cognitive Flexibility, Forget the Past

Being flexible in our approach to the future often requires the ability to inhibit or forget the past. In 1942, Abraham Luchins published a seminal experiment called the “Water Jug Problem”. In this experiment he asked his participants to answer … Continue reading

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Cognitive Abilities Seem to Reinforce Each Other in Adolescence

Study reports cognitive abilities mutually assist each other during development. This results in improved cognitive skills and general intelligence over time. One of the most striking findings in psychology is that almost all cognitive abilities are positively related – on … Continue reading

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Enhancing Human Cognition with Cocoa Flavonoids

Enhancing cognitive abilities has become a fascinating scientific challenge, recently driven by the interest in preventing age-related cognitive decline and sustaining normal cognitive performance in response to cognitively demanding environments. In recent years, cocoa and cocoa-derived products, as a rich … Continue reading

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Cognitive Load Theory

Cognitive Load Theory (or CLT) is a theory which aims to understand how the cognitive load produced by learning tasks can impede students’ ability to process new information and to create long-term memories. Cognitive load is typically increased when unnecessary demands … Continue reading

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Mapping the Brain’s Aging Connections

Researchers report the brain connections that are key to cognition and complex thinking skills are most effected as we age. Impact of ageing on brain connections mapped in major scan study. Brain connections that play a key role in complex thinking skills … Continue reading

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