Tag Archives: evolution

Darwin without Malthus: The Russian Evolutionary Thought

The first book in English to examine in detail the scientific work of 19th-century Russian evolutionists, and the first in any language to explore the relationship of their theories to their economic, political, and natural milieu. This book addresses one … Continue reading

Posted in Darwin, Evolution, Kropotkin | Tagged , ,

The evolutionary neurobiology, emergence and facilitation of empathy

Mutual aid between and among members of a species may be the most potent force in evolution. This was the position taken by the Russian evolutionists who proposed that greater emphasis be placed on ‘mutual aid’ than on ‘survival of … Continue reading

Posted in Empathy, Evolution, Neurobiology | Tagged , ,

Brain-imaging modern people making Stone Age tools hints at evolution of human intelligence

How did humans get to be so smart, and when did this happen? To untangle this question, we need to know more about the intelligence of our human ancestors who lived 1.8 million years ago. It was at this point … Continue reading

Posted in Evolution, Intelligence | Tagged ,

How did primate brains get so big?

University of Florida paleontologists found clues in the remarkably preserved skulls of adapiforms, lemur-like primates that scurried around the tropical forests of Wyoming about 50 million years ago. Thought to be a link between primitive and advanced primates, their fossil … Continue reading

Posted in Brains, Evolution | Tagged ,

Evolution Runs Faster on Short Timescales

Examine evolution over the course of years or centuries, and you’ll find that it progresses much more quickly than it does over geologic time. Now the oldest viruses on the planet are enabling scientists to calibrate this evolutionary clock. In … Continue reading

Posted in Evolution | Tagged

Evolution May Have Deleted Neanderthal DNA

Natural selection may be behind the dearth of Neanderthal DNA in modern humans. The modern human genome should, by all accounts, have more Neanderthal genes. Experts agree that early European and Asian humans almost certainly bred with Neanderthals, an ideal … Continue reading

Posted in DNA, Evolution, Neanderthal | Tagged , ,

Challenges in Evolutionary Sociology and Biosociology

Scholars in the area of Evolutionary Sociology and Biosociology explicitly seek to examine the interplay of social and environmental factors with evolved biological factors and its implications for social behavior. It is a broad area covering a wide array of … Continue reading

Posted in Biosociology, Evolution, Evolutionary sociology, Genes, Hormones, Sociobiology, Sociology | Tagged , , , , , ,

Kuhn’s Evolutionary Social Epistemology

Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions has been enduringly influential in philosophy of science, challenging many common presuppositions about the nature of science and the growth of scientific knowledge. However, philosophers have misunderstood Kuhn’s view, treating him as a relativist or … Continue reading

Posted in Evolution, Philosophy of science, Science, Social epistemology | Tagged , , ,

Humans are still Evolving and we don’t know what will happen next

Evolutionary biology is not a slow-moving science. Just last month a new species of hominid (Homo naledi) was unveiled at a news conference in South Africa. When did modern humans branch off as an independent species? What have been our … Continue reading

Posted in Evolution, Human evolution, Human origins, Humans | Tagged , , ,

Evolution’s Eye: A Systems View of the Biology-Culture Divide

In recent decades, Susan Oyama and her colleagues in the burgeoning field of developmental systems theory have rejected the determinism inherent in the nature/nurture debate, arguing that behavior cannot be reduced to distinct biological or environmental causes. In Evolution’s Eye … Continue reading

Posted in Biology, Culture, Evolution, Human development, Humans, Systems | Tagged , , , , ,