Tag Archives: Mutual aid

Kropotkin’s Theory of Mutual Aid

Prince Petr Alekseevich Kropotkin (1842-1921) is well-known to Western scholars as a leader of the international anarchist movement and as the author of Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution. One is tempted to see his ideas about cooperation in nature as the simple … Continue reading

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Mutual Aid – A Factor in Evolution

On the other hand, wherever I saw animal life in abundance, as, for instance, on the lakes where scores of species and millions of individuals came together to rear their progeny; in the colonies of rodents; in the migrations of birds which … Continue reading

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